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What are the most prevalent dental conditions?

Cavities

Cavities, also known as caries, are a result of tooth decay. Tooth decay is caused by microorganisms in the oral bacteria feeding on the sugar residues left from our food on the surface of our teeth. These microorganisms convert this sugar into simple organic acids to release energy. These acids are secreted on the surface of our teeth, where they can affect the minerals found in our teeth. Our diets contain large amounts of sugars, which can lead to the reproduction and consequential overgrowth of these microbes, which in turn causes increased acid production. Our saliva replenishes some of the lost minerals, however, if the rate of mineral loss is higher than the rate of mineral replenishment, tooth decay will occur. Prevent tooth decay by practising appropriate oral hygiene and care routine. Limit your dietary sugar intake to prevent microbial overgrowth. However, if tooth decay has already occurred, seek professional help as soon as possible. Teeth cannot grow back, however with fillings, the cavities can be filled, and further decay can be prevented. If you are looking for a dentist in Orpington to treat tooth decay, book an appointment with us today.


Tooth discolouration


Tooth discolouration is a very common condition, however, it is often not a cause for serious concern other than the aesthetic issues associated with it. Teeth can be stained by a wide range of factors. First of all, our teeth naturally become more yellow over time due to ageing affecting the thickness of the enamel. As the enamel becomes thinner, the dentin’s yellowish colour gets more and more exposed, resulting in tooth discolouration. Other factors include the consumption of foods and beverages that can cause stains, such as coffee, red wine or black tea. These drinks can cause stains due to their high tannin content. Smoking can also contribute to tooth discolouration. There are numerous teeth whitening treatments, some involving home-based whitening and some involving short visits to a clinic. The home-based treatments used custom made bleaching trays, while the clinic-based treatments use a special whitening gel and a light source. If you would like a dentist in Orpington to whiten your teeth, get in touch with us today!


Tooth loss


Tooth loss is sadly a very common condition, with the prevalence increasing in older members of the population. The main causes of tooth loss are tooth decay, gum disease and dental injuries. These risk factors can be mitigated by practising good oral hygiene, and by wearing a mouthguard when engaging in activities that come with an increased risk of a tooth getting knocked out. Today tooth loss is most often treated with dental implants. These are small appliances that look like a screw. Thanks to their titanium content they integrate into the jawbone and act as a replacement root, onto which the new teeth are attached. Dental implants are very strong and resilient, and they are often a lifelong solution if cared for appropriately. If you are looking for a dentist in Orpington to get dental implants, do not hesitate to get in touch with us, Cray Dental Care today.

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